Footwear is also type of garments which is normally wore for different means like protecting feet from environmental conditions or fashion concerns. Different types of footwear have been introduced in market up till now. Socks, long leggings or stockings are wore between feet and the footwear otherwise this garment is less used with other slippers or sandals.
Glance of Footwear history and footwear requirements
As world passed through different ages, customs and traditions also varied and reliable shoes are modern innovation otherwise in ancient era, Roman used to wear wooden soled footwear which was used over other normal footwear or covering in order to get protection from environmental situations. Their sole also used to make up of hard metal. During medieval ages, high-heeled concept originated which considered as symbol of dignity or status. Old religious practitioners even used to move barefooted as a symbol of respect and spirituality. In old ages, Roman warriors used to wear iron made footwear’s which used to be considered as symbol of power and supervision. Roman used to consider clothes and footwear as authority and status significance. Hostages and sharecroppers used to remain barefooted as their standard was quite low. Different ornamental and designed based footwear’s were used by females of old times. Females and men of old times wore pattens. Different civilizations had different customs and cultures which makes traditions and traditional footwear’s are still adored by females. Chopines almost 7 to 8 inches high is also type of footwear created by Turkey in 15th century which became popular in city of Italy, Venice and the entire Europe. In 16 and 17th centuries old Europe followed the high-heeled fashion including men and women as a sign of respect, status and dignity. Different handmade artwork used to signify the level of poverty. In different civilizations and cultures footwear required to be removed before crossing the threshold of the home. In some religions, it was religious requirement to enter the holy areas or temples barefooted. In old era, people used to get barefooted as a sign of humanity and respect and also in respect of authoritative figures. Sexuality is embedded in the nature of every living creature and garments also add its role in it. Footwear is sometimes directed towards sexual fetishism in which both boot fetishism and shoe fetishism are involved.
Footwear types, its Fashion and Global Industrial Statistics
In today’s age footwear has become fashion and high-heels are used as fashion among females around the world. Footwear are normally made up of rubber, nylon, leather or plastic. Different components are involved as hook, adhesives, counterfort, buckle, heel, eyelet, insole, shank, laces, sole, tread, tack, outsole, welt. There are different varieties available in footwear and then their sub-classes. Different types of footwear’s are there as boots, sandals, shoes, indoor footwear’s, specific footwear’s, traditional footwear’s.
In Boots there are different types as
- Motorcycle boots · Mukluk · Platform boots · riding boots · Russian Boots · Chukka boots · Combat boots · Cowboy boots · Fashion boots · Go-to boots · Hiking boots · Kinky boots Ugg boots · Valenki · Veldskoen · Waders · Wellington boots · Winkle pickers
In shoes there are also different types Athletic shoes, Brothel creepers, Court shoes, Espadrilles, Galoshes, Kitten heels, High tops, Loafers, Mary Janes, Moccasins , Mules, Platform shoes, Skate shoes, Sneakers. Different types of sandals are also available as Flip-flops, Slide and Avarca. Indoor footwear are socks and slippers. In specific footwear’s there are high-heeled footwear, climbing shoes, Clogs, footwear boots, Sabaton, Ski boots, Snowshoes, Surgical shoe, Pointe shoes, Swim fins. In traditional footwear Abarka of leather, Bast Shoe, of bast from Northern Europe, Galesh of textile from Iran, Geta of wood, from Japan, Opanci of leather from Balkans , Pampooties of hide from Ireland.
Footwear industry in Europe is on decline because of large number of imports, industrial graph is declining. In 2005, there were about 27000 firms, in 2008, there were only 24,000. In US annual footwear industry revenue was US $48 billion in 2012. In US there were almost 29,000 shoe stores and 189,000 employees in industry. Rising import has declined the footwear industrial graph but footwear manufacturing industries require to consider the needs of time and flow in the same way so in this way footwear industry can flourish more.